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Intro buring burning reduce reuse recycle summary

Dealing with Solid Waste Disposal

Written and Produced by: Paul Fuqua and Brian Jerome, Ph.D.

Published & Distributed by…AGC/UNITED LEARNING

1) Video Instructional Quiz http://www.cbhatech.ednet.ns.ca/exp10/videos/garbage/Video_Quiz.asf

Directions: Mark the boxes on your answer sheet either True or False or fill in the blank with the

correct answer when you hear the tone. T F

1. [ ] [ ] We dispose of most of our municipal solid waste by burning it.

2. [ ] [ ] Some critics oppose incinerators because they feel they are a wasteful way of getting

rid of garbage.

3. [ ] [ ] It takes about the same amount of energy to recycle aluminum cans that it does to

mine and process the aluminum ore in the first place.

4. Trying to cut back on the amount of garbage we produce before it becomes a problem is

called source _____________ .

5. One of the aims of recycling is to use the things we throw away to make something ______ .

6. The potentially poisonous liquids that seep down through landfills are called ___________ .

7. Waste-to-energy facilities use the heat from burning garbage to produce ______________ .

8. Incineration can concentrate poisons, such as heavy metals, in the resulting ____________ .

9. [ ] [ ] The decomposing organic material in landfills gives off methane gas.

10. [ ] [ ] Nationally, paper products make up over a third of our garbage.

2) Vocabulary Review

Directions: Match 1 through 10 below with the word (s) it defines at the bottom of the page.

1. ________ A gas that is often either burned or collected at landfills.

2. ________ The recovery and reuse of useful materials from waste.

3. ________ Poisonous, harmful.

4. ________ Is left when something is burned.

5. ________ Where we deposit most of our wastes.

6. ________ Where we burn trash. Sometimes heat from the process is used to produce electricity.

7. ________ The process by which soluble contaminants seep down to lower levels in a landfill.

8. ________ The process by which organic wastes are broken down by bacteria and fungi.

9. ________ Trash or garbage produced by our homes, institutions and commercial establishments, including

schools, hospitals, restaurants and offices.

10. ________ Involves the manufacture and use of products that produce the minimum pollution, use the

minimum packaging, and have a longer life.

 Ash  Composting Methane Municipal Solid Waste Toxic
Leaching Recycling Incinerator Source Reduction Landfill

3) Crossword Puzzle

Directions: Fill in the blanks using the clues given below.


1. The most popular way of getting rid of trash.

2. Reduces the amount of trash in our landfills.

3. A gas produced by landfills.

4. Poisonous.


1. Made by decay.

2. Left after burning.

3. When potentially poisonous substances sink to lower levels in landfills.

4. Where wastes are burned.

5. Can be used to line landfills.

6. Makes up most of our trash.


Ash: A by-product of burning municipal solid waste, or anything else.

Composting: The process of breaking down organic material, such as yard trimmings, by bacteria and fungi to

a humus-like material that can be used as a soil conditioner.

Groundwater Contamination: The pollution of underground water sources; can occur when contaminants

leach into groundwater from landfills.

Hazardous Waste: Any kind of discarded waste that may pose a threat to human health or the environment if

improperly handled; may be solid, liquid or gas.

Incineration: A process used to reduce the volume of solid waste.Extreme heat is applied to combustible and

semi-combustible materials.

Landfill: An area of land used to deposit wastes. Most of our garbage is disposed of in landfills. Many of these

areas have reached their capacity and have been closed.

Leaching: The process by which soluble materials, such as pesticides and other contaminants, are dissolved

and washed to a lower level.

Methane: A gas that is formed by the decay of organic material when oxygen is not present. Modern landfills

take steps to capture methane and either burn it or sell it. Methane is a "greenhouse" gas.

Municipal Solid Waste: (MSW) Trash or garbage produced by our homes, institutions and commercial establishments,

including schools, hospitals, restaurants and offices; commonly called “garbage” or “trash.”

Organic: Substances that contain carbon, such as garbage composed of food and yard wastes or other materials

that can be composted

Recyclable: Materials, often disposed of as waste, which can be reprocessed and turned into new materials for

human use.

Recycling: The recovery and reuse of useful substances from waste materials; involves the collection of discarded

materials and processing them into new forms which can then be used as raw materials for new products.

Source Reduction: Involves the manufacture and use of products that produce the minimum pollution, use the

minimum packaging, and have a longer life.

Toxic: Poisonous or harmful to humans or other organisms.

Here are some questions with answers that  may or may not startle you:

1. How much garbage and trash (municipal solid waste) do Americans produce a year?

Answer: About 200 million tons.

2. Name three ways in which municipalities dispose of their garbage and trash.

Answer: It is buried in landfills, burned in incinerators and decomposed by composting.

3. Of what kind of material is most of our garbage and trash composed?

Answer: Most of our waste (over a third) is composed of paper products.

4. How is recycling helping our landfills?

Answer: Recycling helps to reduce the amount of trash we need to dispose of in landfills.