Digital Photography


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Long Exposure Photography and the Square Format  


5 Tough Love Tips for Photographing Toddlers

The Portrait Photography Course by Mark Jenkinson – Book Review

How to See in Black and White

The Power of Black & White

Black and White From Snapshots to Great Shots by John Batdorff. Book Review



The SLR Camera Simulator

DLSR Photography Demystified

I love the opening quote from the following link to "7 Tips for Shooting Great Digital Photos":"It's the photographer that takes great photos, not the camera." The first 5 are especially important when using even the most basic of digital cameras. Click on this Digital Photography link, scroll down and check out their "A quick example" and you will see what the above quote is talking about.

Now what this means for you, once you realize that good photography does not result in taking enough pictures till you get a good one, or having the most expensive camera, You need to think, plan, learn and be creative. A person that took the first pic in the example above, would likely take all kinds of the same type of boring pictures. Think! Which might you most likely want to pay for if you were to buy one of those?? Of course there is some kind of odds that if you took enough pictures you are probably going to get some alright pictures, but if you were to learn, think and/or plan to be creative; what would the odds be then that you would not only be more efficient at producing keepers, but you could be creating priceless memories and works of art at the same time. You are going to have to do some research here! Consider How to compose. <<<<Video tutorials>>>>


So where do we start if we want to be "the great photographer". The first thing is to become familiar with exposure and knowledgeable of what affects exposure. In other words, how shutter speed <example>, aperture <example>and film speed/ISO <example> manipulation (film speed in the old world and ISO in the modern world of digital) separates the boys and girls from the big people. All this assuming you have a grip of depth of field, as well. Throw in the rule of thirds, proper usage of angling to avoid parallel lines for proper composition, and you are off to a good start. Now you are ready read the manual of the camera of choice to get a basic understanding of it's functions and capabilities.

Our main cameras are the Canon Rebel xs and the Sony Cyber Shot.
With the Rebel, there is a ISO button on the top of the camera that is adjusted by the wheel just in front of it. The same wheel can adjust the shutter speed if you roll your selector to "TV", or adjust aperture if you move the sector to "AV". It is important to understand the exposure triangle. If you speed up your shutter speed one stop (for example from 1/125th to 1/250th) you’re effectively letting half as much light into your camera. To compensate for this you’ll probably need to increase your aperture one stop (for example from f16 to f11). The other alternative would be to choose a faster ISO rating (you might want to move from ISO 100 to ISO 400 for example).
The "EV" adjustments allow you to overexpose (brighten), or underexpose (darken) your photos by automatically adjusting the shutterspeed and/or aperture for you.

The Cybershot has some manual settings as well. By moving the dial to "P", you can adjust many things including ISO and EV.

Depth of field experiments.
 The white post is obviously the subject of this practice photo.

In this case we clearly altered what was important in the photo,...pardon the pun.


Movement exploration.
You may have a special reason to to show radical movement in a photo. These 2 pictures as a result of the Christmas lights with slow shutter speed producing trial paths because of moving the camera as we took the pictures.
This effect is mainly the is the result of zooming as you take the picture  
This picture is usually the result, wrong settings and not taking a steady picture, although there may be a special situation that you might want to create this effect.
   Motion (blur) is usually the result of focusing on a spot and allow the moving object passing through the focused area and snapping with a slow shutter speed. Motion blur requires slower shutter speed and the use of a tripod. What we see above are not the norm. They are the result of mostly camera blur. Here is a great resource to create motion blur:
  Panning is a means of showing motion where you follow the moving target to blur the background.

The three main adjustments you make on your camera are ISO, Aperture and Shutter speed, so.....

1.) What is ISO in digital photography? What kind of units are the settings?

2.) What is the aperture? How does it show up on your camera?

3.) What is shutter speed? How is it measured?

4.) What is meant by "noise" in photography?

5.) Explain the "exposure triangle" .

6.) If in creating motion blur, what are 2 options to keep too much light from getting in?

7.) What did you find to be the top 10 tips to taking good pictures?

Exercise 1:

This is exercise is an assignment that is meant to give testimony to your effort of actually taking the steps towards becoming a good photographer. The information and links above are meant to ready you and convince you that this has nothing to do with taking enough pictures till you get one that is good enough. You are required to produce a mini portfolio of prescribed photos accompanied with outlined supporting data.

Format: You have the option to submit in either a PowerPoint presentation or Word document. There must be a title page, a min of one separate page for each entry that includes the photos and documentation along with any supporting sources (URL's) that you used for ideas or to helped you to produce your final products.


Entries: Macro, portrait, action, night shots, depth of field, special purpose/effect

        Exercise 2:
Using the link below, seek out a tutorial that shows you how to produce something think you is really cool and would like to be able to do. Use the tutorial to produce not only your own original, but use your picture to produce a screen cam for our library, to show others how to do the same.


Portrait Photography: Secrets of Posing and ... - by Mark Cleghorn - 138 pages
Posing and Lighting Techniques for Studio ... - by JJ Allen - 136 pages
Posing for Portrait Photography: A Head to Toe ... - by Jeff Smith - 146 pages
  • Capturing Moving Water
  • Shooting the Night Sky
  • How to Capture Motion Blur in Photography