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FLMV Back Stage "The Shots" Editing Act One Pretest 1


"The first thing you must understand is that editing is NOT "cutting out the bad parts" as many people assume. Rather "editing is the process of assembling a program from the ground upóby artfully blending images and sound to create a coherent whole."

Editing techniques are remarkably powerful , as they direct the viewer's perception of what the message is within the story. The results of editing can twist the truth or support reality. In many cases, it is the editing process that empowers the statement.  "The medium is the message" in many cases as the result of editing.  The selection and arrangement of clips, whether they are shot at the same time or not; or even if they are related or not, make a story and certainly the meaning and affect of that story.


Editing rules of thumb:

Trouble Shooting Tips:

 How to possibly remedy a jump shot
You may simply keep the sound rolling and slip in another visual in between the 2 shots
  for example:
in a news clip you may have to throw in a picture of the subject, or a map between the edited version of someone talking, or if it was an interview perhaps show the reporter responding to the main clips.

- You could use a dissolve transition to soften the sudden jump and/or allude to the passing of time

- Editing 2 very similar clips together usually causes a jump shot. The above helps, but you could also make the second shot appear more radically different so that it appears as a close up by simply zooming in on the subject.

- A  solution to smoothen out 2, not so similar clips in sequence, might also be to zoom in and crop. You could crop out the portion of the clip out causing the jump using the editing software.
  for example:
if someone's hand is holding something or in one position at the end of the first clip and not the same at the beginning of the second; perhaps zoom in and crop out the hand in the second. You could even make the second clip into 2 clips. Make the first part some kind of close up (allowing enough time to pass to flatten the jump) and finish with the original shot.



http://video101course.com/Editing/e_10.html (editing)

  1. The best way to summarize the editing process is:
  2. In the Wisconsin Badgers football scene, how did the video photographer(s) gather all four shots.
  3. Editing together a collection of shots so that they seem to flow in real time is called creating a ____________________________________________.
  4. What is the minimum number of shots necessary to create a Sequence?_______________________
  5. Generally, sequences should start with a:_____________________________________________________
  6. "Wide shots" answer what question for the audience?
  7. Close-ups provide:
  8. The industry synonym for a closer shot is "a(n) __________________________________ shot."
  9. In a particular sequence you are editing together a close-up and a wide shot of a man entering a door. You want to make sure the door is in the same position in both shots. What you are trying to accomplish is commonly called:
  10. In a particular sequence, you have a wide shot of a man with a hammer striking a nail. You also have a close-up shot of exactly the same action. If you were editing the sequence, where would be the best place for the edit?
  11. Editing together two very similar shots is a bad thing called :______________________________________.
  12. What happens if you violate the 180 Degree Rule?
  13. Placing an edit AFTER a subject has left the frame or BEFORE she enters the frame solves what problem?


Editing and Composition Puzzle

1. You match screen (what?), when you use "the 180 degree rule".
7. A collection of shots, gathered a different times that are put together so they
   seem to flow.
8. The kind of room or more space on the screen left in the direction of the action
   so that it appears to have a place to go.
10. The kind of room or space between the subject's face and the edge of the screen.
11. The type of cut that insures natural or smooth continual flow.
12. The left-to-right or right-to-left movement of the camera.
13. Linking the video to the narration.
2. Another name for a wide shot.
3. The kind of screen direction when you have views from both (left and right) sides
   of the subject.
4. A waist-up shot of a person.
5. The type of cut when you have 2 very similar clips in sequence that appear abrupt
   due to poor continuity.
6. The term given to the space above the subject's head.
9. The smoothness of the flow from clip to clip.