Scene 1, Act One "The Shots"
The choice of shot is very important as each shot has a purpose in
the video, and/or an affect to the story. When it comes down to it,
it's all about the shot, or at least it all starts with the
shot. When you think about it; people always say that a picture is
worth a thousand words, a moving picture with sound must be worth at
least ten times more. It's no wonder people believe what they see.
That is what makes the composition of shots and how we put them
together so powerful, so important.
Look how editing this very serious and infamous speech by Adolph
Hitler is transformed into a very believable fun clip:
Composition Terms starting with individual shots:
"talking head shot" is 90 % of what you see on television because
television sets just cannot reproduce fine detail. Body language isn't
able deliver the same effect as the facial expressions of a close up
that best support or
tell the (true) story."
It is important to know the story before you shoot the story in order to
best shoot the the scenes that will, not only support, but perhaps, even
tell the desired message. The shot compositions will keep the viewer
oriented and focused on what is important. The editing that follows will
allow fluid continuity and so on as you order your sequences that make
up your movie/video. A sequence is
simply a collection of shots, perhaps gathered at
different times and stitched together so that they seem to flow.
|Wide shots or Long shots are also referred to as
"establishing shots" because they establish, in the mind of the
viewer, where the scene or activity is taking place . They are
zoomed out images that enable the viewer to orient themselves or
locate what is happening. The CSI program uses a series of establishing shots
on a continuous basis to put you in the right city, in a specific
location of the city, at the scene of the crime. They may put
you on a Warf, then in the next shot on a boat. Both shots can
be considered establishing shots. One is just wider and less
specific than the other.
||An establishing shot can put it's subjects in the gym, in a
classroom or at a camp. There is no specific depth or width to
the shot. Generally speaking, if your camera is zoomed out all
the way, that is as wide a shot you can take from that position.
Remembering that the idea of the establishing shot is the
orientation of the viewer to the surroundings/location of the
subject, might mean that you may have to set your camera back to
a position that will allow the camera to take shot wide
enough for the viewer to establish what's what.
||Medium shot, which is generally defined as a waist-up
shot of a person. Medium shots help place a subject in
context--and they are also necessary for people who gesture a
Tight shots are close up shots.
||Classic close-up, when you want to capture emotional; get a "close-up"
shot of the person's face filling up a significant portion of the
screen. A classic close-up includes the entire face and shoulders
down to the armpit and leaves a little head room or a bit of
space above the person's
head...(not too much!);
||Extreme close-up (or ECU). An extreme close-up
includes just a person's facial features (eyes, nose, mouth and
Only use extreme close-ups to emphasis
extreme emotion such as when someone is lying for example.
||High Angle shots are shots taken with the camera
pointing down on the subject.
||Low angle shots result in the camera pointing up during
||Zoom shots zero in
or out on a subject or target on the screen
||Pan shots scan
across a scene. Both zooms and pans are seen as amateurish
Lead room is more space on the screen in the direction of
the action so that it appears to have a place to go.
- Panning is the left-to-right or right-to-left movement of
the camera and should be reserved for action shots that follow a
Shooting rules of
4 tips for close
<<<<<<<There should always be a little MORE room
in the direction the subject is looking toward.
Unless you have a special purpose such as making
someone appear submissive, you'll want to avoid shooting High
Angle shots, especially when shooting youngsters. Get
down to their level.
Although low angle shots are useful because
it can make things look powerful, one usually tries to avoid these
shots as well.
Wide shots are very important because they
establish, in the mind of the viewer, where the scene or activity
is taking place. Be sure to include establishing shots at the start and re-establishing
shots throughout your sequences or scenes.
Avoid zoom while shooting. Use the zoom to
find your shot. However, if you only have one camera and you want to
draw the viewer's focus to something specific that may be your only
Pan shots should only be used to follow a
moving object only.
There should be lead room, more space on the
screen in the direction that the action is going in when shooting
Try to avoid dull, even 2 dimensional lines of
perspective and position your shots so that the scene or subject is
more dynamic, or three dimensional by making the diagonal lines
To make a subject appear to be moving
away from you, get close to the object's path and let it go
right by you, producing diagonal line of movement.
Always try to avoid straight on shots that produce
horizontal lines. Diagonal lines are much more exciting and 3