All video recording is captured,
stored and produced in some type of format. Anything that is not digital
is not compatible. Even digital formats, depending on file type due
mainly to compression restrictions and brand, may or may not be picked
up or manipulated by different hardware/software products. For example "
Studio 9" will pickup mainly AVI, MPEG, & MP2 video files & WAV, MP3 &
AVI audio files. To bring in other video files such as WMA format, you
must first use a format converter to change you clip into a format
(language) that Studio 9 can understand.
used to be VHS, 8mm, DV, or
Beta. We commonly deal with
AVCHD, Avi and MPEG's. Each format provides it's own limit in regards to quality and
functionality. Besides having limited quality potential, older formats such as VHS, beta and
8mm quickly degenerate with each copy generation. They could
only be played on particular pieces of equipment. Digital technology has
revolutionized media industries. Digital formats raised the bar for
consumer recording quality, and narrowed the gap between consumer and
professional picture quality. Digital opened the flood gates for
DV format, as well as our
older "Sony digital 8"
tapes are in fact digital. These are not formats that are not so common
any more. However, there still are people who have a library of hi8 material they
want to continue to play. Quality
is not quite as good as DV, but
better than Hi8. One of the biggest differences between analog and
digital formats is digital's characteristic of cloning rather than
copying each generation. A copy is never as good as the origonal. In
other words; there is generation loss when you make copies.
Digital allows making
duplicates or modifications without loosing quality. Digital format is
a better format to be manipulated and utilized for different media
purposes. Popularity of a medium impacts
the cost and availability of any product. For example there was an 8mm
mini format that didn't last long and before that there was a VHS mini
that lasted an even shorter time. With both of these, technically
the actual recording format was the same, but the physical cassette did
not fit other devices unless you played them though an adapter. Just
another thing to purchase and something else to go wrong. More recently,
Sony tried to restrict it's customers to purchasing their own version of
memory chips but had to conform to the more popular SD card format in
order to keep up with the market.
An important digital setting to make with
our digital handy cams, is to set the "audio mode" to "16 bit".
The reason is that if the video has any length to it, and you are
going to edit it in "I-Movie" on an Apple, you may find problems somewhere into your movie, matching your sound with your video. I have
noticed while still in I-Movie and before going to "I-DVD", this
problem showed up especially with movies an 1hr long or longer,. I have also experienced the same
problem with shorter movies. Unfortunately, the miss-match of sound and video only
showed up on the burnt DVD's. Everything looked fine on the computer,
but the discs didn't work right.
If you happened to find yourself
with the second problem, the solution is:
- Export the movie back to the
camera, to tape.
- set the "audio mode" to "16 bit".
- Recapture the movie and proceed
to alter or burn DVD
Video Recording Terms
refers to the medium used to capture and produce your
image.... such as the type of videotape (8mm or VHS), or MP4,
MKV, AVI, and FLV
- Analog VCRs record
waves which sort of results in an averaging of distinction within
the image. This averaging for each copy results in declining
quality is called "generation loss." That is, copies of
copies, not multiple copies of a singular original.
- Digital, basically
computer language made up of "0's & 1's. Reproductions of this
format is called cloning as regenerations of the original do
- Image Quality refers to resolution or
sharpness, as well as color .
refers to the amount of detail in an image. Some people would call
this sharpness or crispness.
is the formatís ability to reproduce color. Some formats are
display only muddy, muted colors, while others can reproduce sharp
life like or vivid colors.
reproduces the best images, because it keeps the red, green and blue
Composite Video will
mix the three colors together, record/transfer the mixture, and then
attemps to unscramble the mixed colours at the receiving end, on your TV or monitor. A VCR that records
this combined color mixture is called a "composite" VCR
Note: The last 3 terms above are connected. The 2 links below
are meant to help you understand, firstly, that all the colours you
perceive to see are the product of the 3 primary colors, red, green
and blue. The addition or subtraction of light adds a new dimention.
Sometimes you are required to record and/or broadcast directly to the
internet or to a screen for an audience to view. Whether we are actually
physically recording or simply broadcasting, all the considerations for either
or both are the same. Eventually you have to connect your camera to a TV or a computer.
Either way, Ii doesn't matter if is to
watch or to edit your movie. Your video will have to be transferred through
cables. Analog cables like the typical RCA cables that connect your TV and VCR
compromise your picture quality because the 3 colours that make up all the
colours on your screen are mixed together for transfer, then are separated for
display once received. Once DVD players and high resolution analog TV receivers
became popular, Component cables began to replace RCA cables because of the
better picture quality. For a visual on the difference on how they work
HDMI is now replacing component connections. Although HDMI also
seperates the 3 colours for transfer, it deals with digital formats. You
HDMI versus Component Video--Which is Better?
This is an example of a product specific connection (Sony)
Mounts are means to support and steady your camera and
ultimately your shot.
This is an excellent resource for camera mount education.
Is typically an expensive, counter weighted mount worn by a
professional cameraperson for taping on the move.<<<
Sample video of
... not exactly, but this video offers an option and an
understanding to how they work.
is a cheap substitute
for a steady cam. Our pink shoulder brace could help when shooting
on the move or to give the allusion that the viewer is seeing from
the perspective of a character such as that of the perspective of
the grizzly bear stocking his prey in the movie "Grizzly".
most of us know what they look like, but don't use them
enough. This type of mount comes with 3 different types of heads.
1) Friction heads like the ones we have on our tripods. They
are the most common as they are relatively cheap. They great
for still shots, but are not necessarily
effective when trying to produce smooth pans and tilts because they
rely on the friction between rubbing parts according to the pressure applied by
2) Fluid heads can easily cost $5000.00. They are much better
at producing smooth swing and tilt of your camera because of the
built in resistance in the head produced by a thick fluid passing
through the chambers as you move or your angle your camera.
3) Cam heads are the most expensive and naturally the most
effective at maintaining smooth changes in camera direction. The
smoothness is maintained as the result of cams and counter weights.
They are most commonly found on studio cameras.
Amateurs rarely use tripods where professions rarely don't. Go figure??
is simply using your body to support or hold and steady your camera.
Obviously the cheapest and least steady mounting option.
It is sometimes necessary for professional shooting (like chasing a
celebrity on the fly), but is enormously over used in amateur
videos. As most amateurs can not afford a steadicam, and we
often get caught without a tripod. So, what can we do to help make a
smoother and steady shot when using our body mounts?
Make sure you use your 2 hands to
steady the camera, even if you just use one finger on the
end of the screen
The simplest thing then would be to lean against
something like a wall or post, or rest your elbow on something like
One could rest the camera on a table, a car hood, a
You might have the opportunity to press your lens
against a the glass at the rink or against a window of a building
are especially used in news rooms and TV studios as mounts for very
heavy and very large cameras that require very smooth but limited
Dolly- has many
forms, but basically is a mount on wheels used to smoothly move the
camera along a specific path.
enable the camera to seemingly fly through the air and over the
heads of crowds.
becoming more and more popular and common as a
consumer product for aerial shots
7 If money is no object, What would be the best
mount to use for recording as you chase your subject?
- A video signal that is a mix of the red, green and blue image is
- A mount used to permit the camera produce
over head shots and sweeps _______________________________.
- A copy of a digital tape is more properly
referred to as a
- Which of the formats below is digital?
a.) VHS b.) WAV c.) betamax
d.) DV e.) AVI
- Resolution" refers to a recording formatís ability to
- What might be some options to help steady the
picture when operating a camera supported by a body mount?