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Before we even get started let's talk about Film Careers   (more career def.)

Did you ever stick around and pay any attention to the credits at the end of a movie or TV program? Did you ever consider a career in the film industry? Do you have any idea of the job opportunities connected to TV and film that are available here in Nova Scotia ?

Well , when those credits come up at the end of a movie, as long as you don't turn it off, you are sure to realize that there is some pile of different kinds of job titles involved in the making of a movie or show. 

Let's see just what you really know about "the behind the scenes" world of moviemaking? 
There would likely be a number of titles in the credits that you would at least have an idea what  the job entails. People usually have some understanding that the
director  is responsible for the entire creative end of the film, and is the person who is ultimately responsible for the success or failure of the film. What is the difference between the director and the producer? Well the Producer is the money man. He or she is the CEO of the company who makes all of the major decisions about how the product will be developed, marketed and ultimately sold. The Producer hires all the key players including the director.... they make all of the business arrangements for the film, find production partners to bring in finance... or package the film for investors. In other words; "A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. The producer initiates, coordinates, supervises and controls matters such as fundraising, hiring key personnel, and arranging for distributors." Ok! what about the director vs Screen writer??

Directors most often work for producers. They help producers select scripts, coordinate auditions and determine budget parameters. They often choose cast members; schedule rehearsals; select the settings, background, lighting, music and costumes; and oversee the filming and editing. Independent directors, can also play the role as the screenwriter. However, most screenwriters work for directors. They create the characters, dialog and plot by writing the screenplay in a master shot format. This format is a very detailed storyboard kinda format that is a more instructional style of writing, which determine when and how quick cameras are to fade in or out, for example.
The roles and numbers of different titles will be largely determined by the budget if the film/TV show.
Now, it is usually clear that the
camera operator is responsible for actually aiming the camera while making sure that everything and everyone remains within the frame and in focus. What about if there is a cinematographer, and a
Director of Photography or what is a assistant director, or production assistant. How does that change things. Quickly, our notion of just what these people do or our understanding of their responsibilities, are probably quit lacking.
This link:
http://www.twyman-whitney.com/film/essentials/gaffer.html  can help explain some of the careers that are out there in the world of film. Hopefully below will also clear up some of the confusion:

The Key Grip is the person in charge of all the people who move anything. This means that they are the boss of all the individuals  (grips) who move scenery, cameras, set up and take down the scaffolding that the lights, microphones etc. are hung on.
In live theatre, Grips are called stage hands, and in film they are called key grips. The way to remember this is to remind yourself that you can't move it if you can't get a grip on it.

Best Boy Grip: would be the Key Grip's assistant.
Some grips can be specialize; for example:
 

Dolly Grip: The dolly grip sets up and moves the dolly track, then pushes and pulls the dolly along that track. The dolly is a cart that the camera, and sometimes the camera operator, may be mounted to allow the camera to move smoothly from place to place during a shot.

 Gaffer:
The gaffer is the head electrician. This means that they are in charge of all the lighting personnel. In other words, The technician in charge of lighting for a motion picture or television production.
Best Boy: The best boy is the gaffer's assistant.

 

Camera Operator: The camera operator is the person who is responsible for carrying out the cinematographers directions. They are the ones who actually aim the camera

Remember: Cinematographer: is responsible for transforming the screenwriter's and director's concepts into real visual images by creating the mood, atmosphere, and visual style of the film. This person determines the lighting, camera angles, mounts, exposure, filters and so on.

Choreographer: is some different. it is the person who designs choreographies (sequential events) for dancing/fighting scenes.

Production sound mixer records sound during filming, as well as mixing the various soundtracks into the film's composite soundtrack.

Foley:
A technicians that create and alter the sound in a film or television production sounds that cannot be properly recorded during the shoot, such as sound effects foot steps, animal sounds, etc.

ADR:
Automatic Dialogue Replacement

***  Click here *** to take the practice test to find out what you do know about the kinds of film related careers are out there.

Don't feel bad if you didn't do very well. Plenty of us actually don't know what many of the titles/jobs are. Below is an explanation of a few of these careers so that we might be better informed. The following link is another excellent resource for "The behind the scenes, who's who credits" http://tms.ecol.net/movies/whoplain.htm

Summary reports:
http://www.filmsite.org/filmh.html
 
http://www.cln.org/themes/history_film.html
Film Careers Crossword Puzzle Film Career Ans
For the purpose of this exercise some answers that are made up of 2 words have been compounded. 
For example: the title of Associate Producer would be Associate Producer (without the space in between)

Across
5. person in charge of all the people who move anything
7. designs dancing/fighting scenes
9. the gaffer's assistant
10. sets the mood by deciding the lighting, camera angles etc
Down
1. responsible to aim and focus the camera
2. responsible for sound during taping
3. the driving creative force behind a film
4. the head electrician
6. "The money person" and/or CEO
8. creates sound effects such as foot steps, wind and other sounds